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Biodiversity Heritage Library

Inspiring discovery through free access to biodiversity knowledge. | The Biodiversity Heritage Library improves research methodology by collaboratively making biodiversity literature openly available to the world as part of a global biodiversity community.

BHL also serves as the foundational literature component of the Encyclopedia of Life .

The Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) is a consortium of natural history and botanical libraries that cooperate to digitize the legacy literature of biodiversity held in their collections and to make that literature available for open access and responsible use as a part of a global “biodiversity commons.” The BHL consortium works with the international taxonomic community, rights holders, and other interested parties to ensure that this biodiversity heritage is made available to a global audience through open access principles. In partnership with the Internet Archive and through local digitization efforts, the BHL has digitized millions of pages of taxonomic literature, representing nearly 100,000 titles and over 160,000 volumes.

159,542
RESULTS
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Media Type
18
collections
159,524
texts
Year
909
1949
1,862
1929
2,168
1928
2,310
1927
2,414
1926
2,049
1925
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Topics & Subjects
12,072
Plants, Ornamental Catalogs
11,717
Flowers Seeds Catalogs
9,671
Vegetables Seeds Catalogs
8,156
Natural history
7,929
Science
7,076
Botany
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Collection
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Creator
1,207
united states. bureau of entomology and plant quarantine
724
u.s. fish and wildlife service
684
golden gate audubon society.; audubon association of the pacific.; audubon society of the pacific.
550
united states national museum
534
engelmann, george,
530
united states. bureau of fisheries
More right-solid
Language
117,076
English
14,365
German
11,355
French
2,577
Latin
2,426
Spanish
2,224
Italian
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SHOW DETAILS
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eye
Title
Date Published
Creator
botanicus
collection
7,892
ITEMS
6.3M
VIEWS
collection
eye 6.3M
Botanicus is a freely accessible portal to historic botanical literature from the Missouri Botanical Garden, Peter H. Raven Library. Botanicus is made possible through support from the Institute of Museum and Library Services, W.M. Keck Foundation, and the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.
Topic: botanicus biodiversity missouri botanical garden library
Chinese Academy Science
collection
1,041
ITEMS
945,979
VIEWS
collection
eye 945,979
The Chinese Academy of Science
Topic: chinese academy science
Expanding Access to Biodiversity Literature
collection
6,737
ITEMS
305,717
VIEWS
collection
eye 305,717
Expanding Access to Biodiversity Literature, which is funded generously by the Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS), will significantly increase online access to biodiversity material by positioning the Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) as an on-ramp for biodiversity content providers that would like to contribute to the national digital library infrastructure through the Digital Public Library of America (DPLA).
darwinslibrary
collection
315
ITEMS
291,369
VIEWS
collection
eye 291,369
A scholarly edition of Darwin's scientific archive.
Topic: charles darwin biodiversity heritage library missouri botanical garden
Biodiversity Heritage Library Seed & Nursery Catalogs
collection
1,613
ITEMS
223,680
VIEWS
collection
eye 223,680
Biodiversity Heritage Library Seed & Nursery Catalogs
statement of responsibility: collected from most authentick authors, augmented with later observations, and adorn'd with maps and sculptures by John Ogilby
Smithsonian Field Books
collection
2,113
ITEMS
155,920
VIEWS
collection
eye 155,920
This collection contains items from the Smithsonian Field Book Project, an initiative to increase accessibility to field book content that documents natural history.
Topic: Natural history
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by American Society for Microbiology; Bergey, D. H. (David Hendricks), 1860-1937; Breed, Robert S. (Robert Stanley), 1877-1956
texts
eye 114,510
favorite 13
comment 6
Includes bibliographies
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 6 reviews )
Topics: Bacteriology, Bacteria -- classification, Bacteriology
collection
eye 66,682
The Library, Art & Archives of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew was established 160 years ago and contains one of the largest collections of material in the world relating to botany. The collections comprise 300,000 printed volumes, 5,000 journal titles and 11,000 maps. The Art and Illustrations Collection is without equal and is made up of over 200,000 items – watercolours, prints, drawings, oil paintings and photographs – by some of the finest artists working in the field of botanical...
BHL Field Notes Project
collection
2,496
ITEMS
65,550
VIEWS
collection
eye 65,550
The BHL Field Notes Project is a collaborative project funded by the Council on Library and Information Resources (CLIR). It provides open access to field notes from institutions throughout the United States. Building on the work of the Smithsonian Field Book Project, the BHL Field Notes Project aims not only to provide general access to this material, but to reunite fragmented collections through institutional collaboration. Doing so will provide a more complete picture of the expeditions,...
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Dieter, George Ellwood
texts
eye 40,192
favorite 14
comment 4
Includes bibliography
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 4 reviews )
Topics: Strength of materials, Physical metallurgy, Metal-work
Cornell University Library
texts
eye 37,545
favorite 3
comment 1
The metadata below describe the original scanning. Follow the "All Files: HTTP" link in the "View the book" box to the left to find XML files that contain more metadata about the original images and the derived formats (OCR results, PDF etc.). See also the What is the directory structure for the texts? FAQ for information about file content and naming conventions.
favoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topic: Poultry
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Thompson, D'Arcy Wentworth, 1860-1948
texts
eye 37,272
favorite 25
comment 1
Includes bibliographical references and index
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: Growth, Biology
Bibliographies interspersed
Topic: Insects
Topics: Plants, Plant names, Popular
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Piper, Robert G
texts
eye 31,272
favorite 2
comment 0
Includes bibliographies and index
Topic: Fish hatcheries -- Management
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Snodgrass, R. E. (Robert E.), 1875-1962
texts
eye 29,158
favorite 58
comment 5
Insects, their way and means of living. Copy 1 (STRI) 7718. 362 p. illus.
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 5 reviews )
Topic: Insects
The Library of Congress
by Korinek, Charles James, 1880- [from old catalog]
texts
eye 29,080
favorite 1
comment 0
Topic: Cattle
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by American Society for Microbiology; Breed, Robert S. (Robert Stanley), 1877-1956; Bergey, D. H. (David Hendricks), 1860-1937; Hitchens, Arthur Parker, 1877-; Murray, Everitt George Dunne, 1890-
texts
eye 24,403
favorite 1
comment 0
Topics: Bacteriology, Schizomycetes, Bacteriologia
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Ingersoll, Ernest, 1852-1946
texts
eye 23,614
favorite 20
comment 2
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 2 reviews )
Topics: Birds -- Folklore, Birds
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Chidester, Floyd Earle, 1884-1947
texts
eye 22,334
favorite 5
comment 0
Contains bibliographies
Topic: Zoology
botanicus
by Asiatic Society (Calcutta, India)
texts
eye 21,206
favorite 3
comment 0
Topics: Asia, India
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Beveridge, W. I. B. (William Ian Beardmore), 1908-
texts
eye 20,668
favorite 22
comment 1
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topic: Research
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Potter, George Edwin, 1898-
texts
eye 19,660
favorite 10
comment 1
Bibliography: p. 889-904
favoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topic: Zoology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 19,466
favorite 1
comment 0
Topics: Stains and staining (Microscopy), Stains and Staining, Dyes
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 18,474
favorite 2
comment 0
Bibliography: p. 183-188
Topics: Pteridophyta, Botany -- Morphology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by American Society for Microbiology. Committee on Bacteriological Technic
texts
eye 18,273
favorite 2
comment 1
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: Microbiology -- Technique, Bacteriology -- Cultures and culture media
Journal move 1991
Topics: Fishes -- North America, Fishes
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Kirtikar, Kanhoba Ranchoddas, 1849-1917; Basu, Baman Das, 1867-1930
texts
eye 18,113
favorite 6
comment 0
The letters I.C.S. in title probably refer to "an able member of the Indian civil service," who assisted in the botanical description. cf. Pref., p. [v]-vi
Topics: Botany, Botany, Medical
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Waksman, Selman A. (Selman Abraham), 1888-1973
texts
eye 18,055
favorite 1
comment 0
Bibliography: p. xi-xix
Topics: Soil microbiology, Microorganisms
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 17,733
favorite 0
comment 0
Vols. 45, 47, 48, 50 and 52 were published as "Quarterly issue, v. 1-5, 1903-10", designed as a medium for the early publication of the results of researches and for reports of a preliminary nature; this form of publication was discontinued after v. 52
Topic: Science
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Sociedad Española de Historia Natural
texts
eye 17,419
favorite 0
comment 0
Suspended July 1937-Dec. 1939
Topic: Natural history
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 17,040
favorite 0
comment 0
Includes bibliographical references (p. 482-495) and index
Topics: Frederick H. Rawson-Field museum ethnological expedition to West Africa, 1929-1930, Ethnology --...
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Strasburger, Eduard, 1844-1912; Schenck, H. (Heinrich), 1860-1927; Noll, Fritz, 1858-1908; Karsten, George, 1863-1937; Lang, W. H. (William Henry), b. 1874
texts
eye 17,037
favorite 3
comment 0
"Index of literature": p. 691-715
Topic: Botany -- Textbooks
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 16,905
favorite 9
comment 0
Source: London, UK
The Library of Congress
texts
eye 16,369
favorite 2
comment 0
Topic: Mink farming
Topic: Plants
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Maheshwari, P. (Panchanan), 1904-1966
texts
eye 15,881
favorite 0
comment 0
Includes bibliographies
Topics: Angiosperms, Botany -- Embryology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Humason, Gretchen L
texts
eye 15,781
favorite 0
comment 0
Topics: Histology -- Technique, Stains and staining (Microscopy), Histochemistry -- Technique
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Harvey, E. Newton (Edmund Newton), 1887-1959
texts
eye 15,666
favorite 7
comment 0
Bibliography: p. 601-669
Topics: Luminescence, Phosphorescence, Fluorescence
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
texts
eye 15,477
favorite 0
comment 0
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Royal Colonial Institute (Great Britain)
texts
eye 15,293
favorite 1
comment 0
Topics: Royal Colonial Institute (Great Britain), Great Britain -- Colonies Periodicals
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Royal Society (Great Britain)
texts
eye 15,259
favorite 0
comment 0
Topic: Plants
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Walter, Herbert Eugene, b. 1867; Sayles, Leonard Perkins, 1902-
texts
eye 15,232
favorite 5
comment 0
Bibliography: p. 833-835
Topics: Vertebrates, Vertebrates -- Anatomy, Anatomy, Comparative
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 15,207
favorite 1
comment 0
Bibliography: 7th prelim. page
Topics: Electronics, Physics, German language
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Mann, Thaddeus, 1908-
texts
eye 15,123
favorite 1
comment 0
Topics: Semen, Spermatozoa, Genitalia, Male, Semen
"Abbreviations and publication references" : p. 77-78
favoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: Materia medica -- Iran, Botany, Medical, Botany -- Iran, Botany -- Iraq, Medicine -- Formulae,...
Pacific Northwest Horticulture
collection
777
ITEMS
14,594
VIEWS
collection
eye 14,594
Pacific Northwest plant and garden society publications.
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Sociedad Cientfica Argentina; Congreso Cientfico Latino Americano (1st : 1898 : Buenos Aires, Argentina); Congreso Cientfico Latino Americano (1910 : Buenos Aires, Argentina)
texts
eye 14,495
favorite 0
comment 0
The society organized the "Congreso Cientifico Latino Americano" held in Buenos Aires in 1898, and the "Congreso Cientifico International Americano" held in the same city in 1910; the results of these congresses (organization, membership, etc., and some of the papers) were published in the Anales, v. 45, 1898, and v. 69-70, 1910
Topics: Science, Science -- Argentina
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by United States. Army. Corps of Engineers; Coastal Engineering Research Center (U.S.)
texts
eye 14,399
favorite 3
comment 0
Includes bibliographies and index
Topics: Coastal engineering, Shore protection
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Willis, J. C. (John Christopher), 1868-1958
texts
eye 14,108
favorite 6
comment 0
Topic: Botany
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 14,095
favorite 1
comment 0
Includes bibliography
Topics: Protozoa, Pathogenic, Veterinary protozoology, Medical protozoology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Kirtikar, Kanhoba Ranchoddas, 1849-1917; Basu, Baman Das, 1867-1930
texts
eye 14,062
favorite 2
comment 0
The letters I.C.S. in title probably refer to "an able member of the Indian civil service," who assisted in the botanical description. cf. Pref., p. [v]-vi
Topics: Botany, Botany, Medical
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Young, J. Z. (John Zachary), 1907-
texts
eye 13,914
favorite 10
comment 2
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 2 reviews )
Topics: Vertebrates, Vertebrates, Fossil
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
texts
eye 13,718
favorite 0
comment 0
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
texts
eye 13,695
favorite 0
comment 0
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Little, Elbert Luther, 1907-; Wadsworth, Frank H. (Frank Howard)
texts
eye 13,340
favorite 9
comment 1
Bibliography: p. 18
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 1 reviews )
Topics: Trees -- Puerto Rico, Trees -- Virgin Islands of the United States
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Riley, Herbert Parkes, 1904-
texts
eye 13,306
favorite 2
comment 0
Bibliography: p. 545-569
Topic: Cytogenetics
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
texts
eye 13,204
favorite 0
comment 0
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Kudo, Richard R. (Richard Roksabro), b. 1886
texts
eye 13,040
favorite 1
comment 0
Topic: Protozoa
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Waksman, Selman A. (Selman Abraham), 1888-1973
texts
eye 12,992
favorite 1
comment 0
Bibliography: v. 1, p. 278-318
Topic: Actinomycetales
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 12,984
favorite 4
comment 0
Includes bibliographical references (pt. 1, p. 132-165) and index
Topic: Birds -- Europe
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 12,947
favorite 0
comment 0
Topic: Culture Media
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Ortner, Donald J; Aufderheide, Arthur C; International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences (12th : 1988 : Zagreb, Croatia)
texts
eye 12,813
favorite 1
comment 0
Based on a symposium held during the International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences, Zagreb, Yugoslovia, July 24-31, 1988
Topic: Paleopathology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Almeida Pinto, Joaquim de; Cmara, Manuel Arruda da, 1752?-1811?; Almeida Pinto, Zeferino
texts
eye 12,809
favorite 1
comment 0
Topic: Plants -- Brazil
Biodiversity Heritage Library
texts
eye 12,785
favorite 1
comment 0
At head of title: The flora of South Africa
Topics: Plants, Plant names, Popular
Includes bibliographic references
favoritefavoritefavoritefavoritefavorite ( 2 reviews )
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
texts
eye 12,582
favorite 0
comment 0
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Sociedad Española de Historia Natural
texts
eye 12,516
favorite 0
comment 0
Suspended July 1937-Dec. 1939
Topic: Natural history
Vol.1-5, 1903-1915. Supplement, Vol.6-8, 1922-1940
"A short list of Leeuwenhoek's writings": p. 388-397
Topics: Leeuwenhoek, Antoni van, 1632-1723, Protozoa, Bacteria, Bacteriology, Microbiology, Science
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Peterson, William Harold, 1880-; Strong, Frank Morgan
texts
eye 12,339
favorite 3
comment 0
Includes bibliographical references
Topic: Biochemistry
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Concilium Bibliographicum
texts
eye 12,327
favorite 0
comment 0
Zoologischer Anzeiger Register
Topic: Zoology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Waksman, Selman A. (Selman Abraham), 1888-1973; Lechevalier, Hubert A
texts
eye 12,310
favorite 1
comment 0
Bibliography: p. 237-239
Topics: Actinomyces, Antibiotics, Actinomycetales, Antibiotics
Ernst Mayr Library, Harvard University Museum of Comparative Zoology
by Académie royale des sciences, des lettres et des beaux-arts de Belgique; yale de Belgique. Collection in-40; ©moires sur les questions proposées
texts
eye 12,273
favorite 0
comment 0
Superseded in part by: Mémoires de la Classe des sciences - Académie royale de Belgique. Collection in-80, Mémoires de la Classe des sciences - Académie royale de Belgique. Collection in-40, Mémoires de la Classe des lettres et des sciences morales et politiques et de la Classe des beaux-arts - Académie royale de Belgique. Collection in-80, and: M©moires de la Classe des lettres et des sciences morales et politiques et de la Classe des beaux-arts - Académie royale de Belgique....